Revenge as a theme in hamlet and whether or not hamlet is a traditional tragedy


Revenge is defined as punishment or expiation for a wrong on behalf of, especially in resentful or vindictive spirit. Revenge is a leach with its fangs buried in one’s heart, sucking one’s blood until it has quenched its thirst for vengeance.  Revenge is a vehicle that runs on a special kind of fuel; anger. Anger so raging that one would lose all sense of reason and entirely judge circumstances on emotion, a way of knowing that is easily rationalized. We can relate the above to Hamlet’s case as one would notice that nothing deters him from carrying out his revenge up till his death. Hamlet’s desire to carry out revenge is caused by his father’s murder and the fact that his uncle not only murders his father but also marries his mother a month after his father’s death which is a clear insult to the old king.

Anger closes one door and opens another in that though it causes hamlet’s character to change making him quite more egotistical and callous, it also makes him more cunning and calculating which enables him to achieve a lot for example during the play depicting the murder of Gonzago in act 3 scene 3. He (Hamlet) stresses the fact that Lucianus is not Gonzago’s brother but rather his nephew. In doing so, Claudius is caught up in the guilt of killing a brother as well as fear for his life as the play does not reenact the murder of the old king but rather the murder of the present king Claudius by his nephew, Hamlet.

Hamlet’s lack of consciousness and self-control is depicted in act 3 scene 4 when speaking to his mother. Hamlet goes on a hard-nosed offensive against his mother, effortlessly murders Polonius, and carries on as though nothing ever happened. He emotionally tortures his mother to the extent that she says “O Hamlet speak no more, thou turn’st my eyes into my very soul, and there I see such black and grained spots as will not leave their tinet.”

Revenge is the one rolling stone that gathers a lot of moss. It affects not only the pursuer but also people around that person in search of vengeance. Hamlet brings about the question on whether or not revenge is worth it. We come to see that due to hamlet’s obsession to get revenge, the woman he loves i.e. Ophelia, Gertrude, Laertes, Polonius, Claudius and himself all perish. This brings about the question about whether or not revenge gave hamlet redemption or caused more harm than good. He followed the proverb “one right turn deserves another” one dangerous and in his case, fatal proverb to live by.

The debate on whether or not hamlet is a tradition revenge play predominantly rests on the factors that make a play a traditional revenge play and whether or not hamlet fits their description.  For one to determine this, he/she must have knowledge of the history of play writing and most especially the history of tragedies. It is believed that Seneca is the father of revenge plays as most revenge play writes of the Elizabethan time including William Shakespeare learned and used devices as used in Seneca’s tragedies. The five act structure, the appearance of some kind of ghost, the one line exchanges known as stichomythia, and Seneca’s use of long rhetorical speeches were all later used in tragedies by Elizabethan playwrights. Though most Elizabethan tragedy play writes learned from Seneca, most of Seneca’s ideas were derived from the Greek.

Shakespeare’s Hamlet can therefore be regarded to as a traditional revenge play as it contains a number of soliloquies, the appearance of the ghost of the old king among others thus making it similar to Seneca’s tragedies. However inspite of this, Hamlet is not a typical traditional revenge play due to the fact that there are a number of differences that set Hamlet apart from most tragedies.
The revenge theme is very dominant in hamlet as hamlet, Laertes and Fortinbras are all in search of vengeance for the murders of their fathers making it the hydrochloric acid in revenge plays. However the contrasting factor in the three cases is unlike hamlet, Laertes’ and Fortinbras’ action is catalyzed. Hamlet’s reluctant action is one of the factors that sets this book from typical traditional tragedies. Hamlet is caught up in an internal moral battle on whether or not to kill Claudius. This is however contrasted by his effortless murder of Polonius. Unlike other plays which dwell on the external factors that affect the protagonist’s revenge, hamlet concentrates on the protagonist’s inner struggle to actually carry out his revenge.

Hamlet’s reluctance could have been caused by different factors; Hamlet wants to kill Claudius in a “perfect way” whatever it might be. However he does not have as many “perfect chances” to kill the king as he would have liked. Hamlet wants to be sure of redemption from the clutches of vengeance that hold his heart captive. As a result, he feels obliged to be utterly satisfied by his revenge but how he shall achieve this is an obscurity to him.
Another factor is the fact that he is attempting to inflict harm on Claudius but not on his mother for two reasons. One is because the ghost instructs him not to and secondly because he loves his mother. However, to kill Claudius, sparing his mother harm is like frying an egg without breaking its shell.

Hamlet is in disbelief that his father’s ghost actually appeared to him and wants to be sure beyond reasonable doubt that Claudius did indeed kill his father. After being convinced, we come to see that hamlet intentionally kills Polonius thinking he is the king and later Rosencrantz and Guildenstern without feeling any form of remorse for his actions. This quite shows that Hamlet is ready to kill as his freight of death (either inflicting it on another or on himself) which he expresses in his soliloquies is gone due to the reassurance that Claudius killed his father.

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“THE SNAKE”


The snake, an elegy written by D.H Lawrence,  describes the speaker’s dramatic encounter with a snake when he goes out to the trough to have a drink of water on a hot day. A number of emotions are emoted as he faces great conflict in his mind on what to do about the situation at hand, of whose decision he is later greatly saddened by.Lawrence uses emotion, alliteration and figurative language to accentuate his point of view.

The writer depicts conflicts people face in life today as well as contradictions between main stream ideologies and real life experiences for example when the speaker was talking about “the voice of his education” telling him the snake “must be killed”, and yet he does not see any threat posed by the snake. this shows conflict between “the voice of his education”,an example of personification to hint an ideology he has learnt from his education on the dangers of snakes and his conscience which finds does not perceive the snake as dangerous, this making it hard for the speaker to decide on what to do  .The speaker expresses a high sense of loss for example in line 72 where he says, “i wished he could come back,my snake”.the statement “my snake” shows how he is emotionally attached to the snake.

The poem neither has a rhyme scheme nor a regular number of lines and is therefore characterized as a free verse. there is chance of moods and tones as the poem progresses for example the poem starts in a curious, timid tone. However this changes in the climax as the speaker is outraged and saddened by his actions against the snake. Different emotions are emoted in the poem such as love, this is shown after the speaker throws a log at the snake which brings sadness to him. another emotion depicted is anger for example the speaker is angered by his careless actions to the extent that he says words such as “i despise myself”

The writer extensively uses diction to meticulate situations at hand in the poem giving the reader an illusion of what the speaker was going through, for example “writhed”, a word that aims at verbally depicting the speed at which the snake moved into the hole.He also uses words such as “burning bowels” or “dreadful hole” that intensify negativity in the description of the snake hole.Another strong use of words is seen between the 72nd and 77th lines where words such as vulgar,mean and statements such as “i despise myself ” and “my accursed human education”are denoted.They accentuate his awe, abhorrence and outrage towards his actions that only the snake would molllify his great agorny.The writer also uses words and statements such as “king”,”uncrowned in the underworld”, and “one of the lords of life”, which highly praise the snake as though it were a flawless pearl or a meticulously cut diamond.His words are persuasive into positioning the reader to side with his point of view

Imagery is eloquently and ubiquitously used to,like language,not only embellish, but also meticulate the occurences taking place in the poem.There is extensive repetition in the poem for example the repetition of the word “hot” to emphasize the heat and “wait”emphasizing the extent at which he was thirsty as well as his dire need for water.there is also repetition of the statement “was it” emphasizing the intensity of the moral dilemma he is facing at the moment.The words “and most especially “slowly ” are repeated hinting an illusion of a snake.

Similes are extensively used in the poem for example is statements such as”as cattle do”,”writhed like lightning”,”as one who was drunken” and “like a king in exile”.this simplifies it for the reader to interpret as well as help the reader to visualize the situation as it happened.

Alliteration is used between lines 12 and 15 for example”he sipped with his straight mouth, softly drank through his straight gums into his slack long day silently”, there is ubiquitous presence of sybillance in this statement and the transition from a word ending with “s” to a word beginning with “s”,for example “his straight mouth” accentuates the “s ” sound therefore hinting snake imagery.Onomatopoeia is also used for example is statements such as”two forked tongue” creating a good flow of the poem therefore making it interesting for the reader.

The fascination in word choice and use of literary tools enables the reader to agree with the writers point of view. tools such as appeals to emotion in this case an appeal to sense of regret, makes the reader have pity on the speaker which also helps in the persuasion of a reader to agree with the writer’s or speaker’s point of view.

what commentary is sophocles making on the nature of absolute power?


what commentary is sophocles making on the nature of absolute power?

“No one has ever chocked to death swallowing his pride”, a saying so simple, facile and articulate, what a pity Creon had to learn it the hard way.In this tragedy, Sophocles meticulously depicts a sad and tragic anecdote where a great family is sipped to dregs due to the repercussions of pride, a child of absolute power . Sophocles’ stance clearly states the negativity of absolute power as depicted in Creon’s character.Absolute power is like an egg which later hatches into pride,which like a tree overshadows one’s judgement.  Creon, inspite of the elders’ and his son’s repeated advise, decides to go ahead with his decision to kill Antigone, a move that bring outrage across Thebes as well as anguish in his household which later leads to ubiquitous tragedy.

Absolute power instills the thought in Creon’s mind that only he is right, something that is criticised by his son Heamon.Sophocles depicts how absolute power drives Thebes’ most powerful family astray.Creon’s attitude exercabates the amount of tragedy in his household as well as clearly potrays the effect of Creon’s pride on his judgement, a fact that clarifies Sophocles’ stance on absolute power.Despite the fact that the elders are among the oldest and wisest men in Thebes, Creon has the audasity to disrespect them, a flabbergasting occurance that depicts the effect of absolute power on his judgement.His actions accentuate how non greek creon potrays himself as the greek are known to respectful, a trait Creon lacks.

Ancient Greeks are known to be very spiritual people, Creon decrees that no one is to perform burial rights to Polyneices and whoever does would be put to death, something antigone sees as quite preposterous due to the fact that burial rights were paramount amid one’s death, this act sends a breeze of fear amonst the people of Thebes as no one dares to go against Creon as they know the repercussions of doing so. Sophocles shows how Creon’s presence is abhorent to the people of Thebes, he is very big headed and arrogant because of absolute power. Another appaling situation is when Creon ignores the oracle, someone known to be of great importance to Thebes, this shows how absolute power obnubilated his spirituality.

One technique used by Sophocles is emotion, One will notice that he commences his writing in a very dramatic  and vigourous mood but this changes  at the end where there is a melodramatic mood.Creon emotes different emotions  as the play goes on, he emotes alot of pride and anger in the first three quarters of the play compared to Antigone who emotes sad emotions.Here, Sophocles accentuates the effects of absolute power on him i.e pride and anger, however antigone is depicted in a much loveable way. The change in emotion i.e from a vigourous mood to a sad mood show the damage caused by absolute power emphasizing Sophocles’ stance on absolute power as negative. The scourge of life, death’s extreme disgrace,the smoke of hell; that monster is called pain.So great was the extremity of Antigone’s pain and anguish that she ended her own life, an occurance that triggered the dominos of tragedy in his household.Never give a sword to a fool or power to an unjust man; creon’s foolish act as to percept antigone’s benevolence as an act againt the law seemed outrageous to the people of Thebes .

The setting of the play is mainly in the castle. Sophocles is depicting a sense of pride or arrogance in that Creon claims of himself and yet he is ignorant about the people’s view on how he is ruling, he only finds out when Heamon tells him of how people disagree with  how he rules. The fact that Creon seems to feel so superior to come out and meet the people, finding out their problems accencuates the great amount of pride that he has.

Language is like a sword in literature when used appropriately with the capability of swaying or luring a reader to agree with the author’s point of view Sophocles’ eloquent choice of words also plays a strong role in how the reader would percieve the characters in the book. The uses quite harsh and serious words for Creon as compared to the other characters which puts a dark image on Creon. He also lacks inclusive language accentuating how self centred he is,this also showing a negative effect of absolute power on him.Creon did not tame his tongue, he uttered whatever he wanted to whoever he wanted regardless of their age, position and sex. The offspring of power are pride,vanity,ostentation, arrogance and tyranny, this is seen when Creon says to the elders,”stop now before what you’re about to say enrages me completely and reveals that you’re not only old but stupid too”. this is a good depiction of logorrhea as well as his impudence, a major factor that emphasizes the fact that absolute power obscures one’s sense of respect, another negative factor that demonstrates sophocles’ stance.

Evidently in the book, absolute power is the parasite that ruined Thebes’ most powerful family. it supports the proverb which states that what you sow is what you reap. trying to rule a kingdom with absolute power and its attributes is like trying to dance on a floor drenched with oil, an ideal recipe for disaster as one would have an unforgettable fall. similarly, creon’s choice to plant a seed of hate, pride, and greed in his heart led him to an unphysical yet painful fall. Never give a sword to a fool or power to an unjust man; Creon’s foolish act as to percieve Antigone’s benevolence as an act against the law . Though sophocles makes the ending unclear, he leaves the reader to use his or her wildest imagination of what they think might have happened to Thebes, a wonderful way to prepare for a sequel though none was made.

Excerpt from Walden


Henry David Thoreau, born 12 July 1817, is one of America’s well renowned philosophers whose works influenced substantial human rights activists such as Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King jr. In one of his works, “Excerpt from Walden“, he uses literal tools such as analogy and hyperbole and eloquence to emphasize his point of view

The main theme in the extract being tackled is open mindedness and tolerance towards change. He uses personal occurrences as examples to accentuate how rigid people are , in the first paragraph, the author refers to his townsmen who think his mode of life is “impertinent”. Similarly, individualism is extensively used across the second paragraph where the author writes in first person; something considered as inappropriate in disciplined writing for example when he writes,”…I will therefore ask my readers……”, he  intentionally and stubbornly admits his use of first person, his reason being that one should be more of a shepherd rather than a sheep.

According to the author, people live life as though life was a routine. This ideology by people is what he refers to as desperation. This is due to the fact that people do things as though they were obliged to doing so, the author sees this mode of life like meandering river for instance; the meanders being change and the river being life.

the author voices out the need for people to be ready for change whether at the source, meanders, delta or mouth in the river of life and not to stay rigid as though life was a permanent engraving on a piece of metal.

The last point the author stresses out is not to let change hinder people from reaching or fulfilling their goals. In the last paragraph the author the author writes “….we may not arrive at our port within a calculable period, but we would preserve the true course.” an example that explains this quote is like the meanders of a river do not hinder it from reaching the mouth, similarly change should not hinder one from reaching his/her goals.

another suitable title for the extract would be “Transition into change” this is due to the fact that the extract predominantly stresses the need to embrace change as it is part of life and this is ubiquitously seen in the extract.

the connection between the author’s literature and philosophy makes his works of high caliber as they contain well founded theories

Comparison between Pride and Prejudice and Madame Bovary


Just like the sun’s flamboyant presence in the horizon, Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice and Gustave Flaubert’s Madame Bovary , stand out in Victorian literature due to their ability to tackle controversial themes as well as social issues that affected the people at the time, some of which were regarded to be controversial .Elizabeth and Emma, Both are from moderate homes, are two young ladies from different social backgrounds in pursuit of happiness. Pride and prejudice depicts a culture in which marriage was at the peak of every young lady’s mind by the age of at least 18 years old. This is quite similar in Madame Bovary where we see Emma’s hastily marries a man she barely knows at quite a young age.

The cultures are similar in that they both perceive marriage as an activity that would be ticked off a “to do list of life” at a specific point in one’s life. However the protagonists in these books have a-typical perceptions of this mainstream ideology, and they don’t tackle their desires for love in the same way. Elizabeth’s pursuit is solely concerned with finding One in whom she could fall in love regardless of other people’s perception or the person’s economic status. However, this is quite the opposite for Madame Bovary as she confuses her desire for love with her crave for wealth and a lavish life of luxury. She is naïve due to her upbringing which saw her in a convent. However, she is misled by her expectation and shallow emotion toward Charles, wo thought of Emma as the finest jewel on a bling like him.

Both ladies fight against their vices so as to achieve what they are in search for. Emma is challenged by various vices that crop up as a result of circumstances encountered during the course of the story such as pride and greed. Elizabeth’s pride is based on the trust she has in her senses and disregard to anyone else’s perceptions. However Emma’s pride is based on her material possessions, something that Elizabeth is least concerned about. This factor may have contributed to Elizabeth’s success in her pursuit of love. Attempted juxtaposition of Emma’s desire for luxury as well as her goal of achieving love led to her confusion and therefore led her into making decisions that she would later regret.

Elizabeth was following the footsteps of Henry David Thoreau in terms of her atypical behavior. In “Excerpt from Walden” Henry expresses his abhorrence of the way people live their lives in some sort of routine with specific rules under which they must live, something we see both Emma and Elizabeth go against.  However, Emma’s behavior could be related to advice a character in “picture of Dorian gray” written by Oscar Wilde, Harry, often gave to, a naïve Dorian. He often called for one to be free and live beyond the boundaries. Emma did just that during the course of her infidelities with Rodolphe and Leon respectively where, like bread on toast, she melts into their arms. The books highlight social conflict as in the ideologies of the people at the time starting to stray from the usual rigid and mainstream ideologies. They, like a civil rights movement, raised voices and like a key, opened people’s way of thinking and widened their perceptions. I think they highlight the impact and power of literature as they opened the public’s way of thinking as well as brought a form of realism and awareness of issues that were faced by people at the time in their everyday lives.

Pride and prejudice and Madame Bovary achieved a lot in terms of different aspects such as accentuating culture, social issues that used to and still challenge people as well as the basic appreciation of these books as great works in the art of literature. This was achieved by use of imagery, irony, emphatic themes and motifs, as well as other literary tools and techniques.

Flaubert and Austen eloquently as well as meticulously describe scenarios bringing about an illusion in the reader’s mind of the present scene being read as well as a better understanding of the story and flow of the book. This makes Madame Bovary and Pride and prejudice eye catching for both those who do and those who don’t enjoy reading as one’s reading experience could be compared to watching a 3D movie in a cinema.

Perhaps the most intriguing technique used In Madame Bovary that is highly rare in literature as it is used in film making is the juxtaposition of scenes and thoughts of the characters in the book. A good example of the juxtaposition of scenes is during the agricultural fair in Yonville square when Rodolphe confesses his love for Emma (or so he thought) and the speeches that were taking place in Yonville square. This technique does not only raise interest but also makes the read more dramatic raising the reader’s adrenaline and enthusiasm motivating him/her to keep reading.

However, Irony was among the most striking and flamboyant tools as used by Jane Austen. Not only does it create humor but it also gives one an insight on the characters’ behaviors for example Mr. Bennet who seldom participated in the on goings in the book.

Flaubert often uses similes which are helpful in different prospects. The first being, the book is more interesting as the reader does not receive information in only black and white but lets the reader take control of their experince(by this I mean information is not passed onto the reader in a straight forward way but lets the reader’s experience be more adventurous which raises interest). This boosts the reader’s morale as the book is not monotonous. The other being the reader can relate to the comparisons in the similes so as to understand the context or the author’s original perception (as meant by the author) which limits the chances of one’s imagination from straying off too far therefore avoiding destructions in itself (meaning the book). An example would be when Flaubert summarizes a blend of facts by writing, “her will, like the veil tied to her hat with a cord”, quivers with every wind”, this brings us to the third prospect which is, just like irony,  similes also allow the author to emote a lot In a short way which prevents monotony as the reader is engaged in thought while the reading the work. In the above quote, Flaubert lets the reader know what Emma is wearing without primarily aiming at doing so he also tries to let the reader quantify the extent to which her will “quivers” by relating it to the movement of her veil. The combination of these facts makes one’s read more interesting as the book is fulfilling.

However, Austen uses a different approach too; she uses irony which surely reveals a lot out of less. The word irony comes from the Latin word” ironia” which means feigned ignorance. Among the different literary tools used in pride and prejudice, irony stands out as Jane Austen uses it to indulge her readers into a humorous read as well as give them a glimpse of how absurd the conventional Victorian life is. Just like a shell on a turtle, she uses irony as shields to ambiguously emote her analysis of the events around her in order to show the absurdity in rituals of the affluent. She humorously exaggerates the shallowness and materialistic nature of this society thus being shown in the way Mr. Collins literally worships the ground on which lady Catherine walks or another being the main stream ideology of marriage at the time that marriage was simply under the basis of affluence and protection despite the later consequences. One’s read becomes like driving under foggy conditions as the road to one’s destination i.e the idea is ambiguous and vague therefore engaging the reader into deep thought which is very fulfilling for close readers.

Charlotte, like a gazelle, is clenched by the unforgiving claws of marriage. Austen clearly depicts her unhappy life with Collins due to her marriage for economic security rather than for love. Irony allowed Austen to obscurely express her dismay over mainstream ideologies at the time such as the above, of which would bring serious repercussions to those who condemned them. The most basic and first example of irony in pride and prejudice is in the first sentence of the novel which reads “it is a truth universally acknowledged that a single man in possession of a good fortune must be in want of a wife”, a woman is not greatly in need of a wealthy man nearly so much as a man with a great fortune needs a wife. This encapsulates the ambitions of characters such as Mrs. Bennet whose sole ambition is to marry off her daughters, one that receives little help from her husband whose tolerant and witty cynicism cannot go undetected.

Austen also uses irony to depict Mr. Bennet’s character by using phrases such as “you are as handsome as any of them, Mr. Bingley might like you”, to shut up Mrs. Bennet due to her constant wining over her attempts to find a match for their daughters  Elizabeth and Jane. This gives the reader an insight on how fed up he is of his wife as well as how little he loves her. Another is when he refers to Wickham “perhaps his favorite son in law”. Considering the fact that Wickham had an elopement with his daughter, it would be rather unusual for him to say so.

Another example of irony is in chapter 20 after Mr. Collins proposes to Mr. Elizabeth. Mrs. Bennet being her usual self, pesters Elizabeth for having refused Mr. Collin’s marriage proposal and threatening to never speak to the latter. Mr. Bennet then says the following on the matter, “An unhappy alternative is before you, Elizabeth. From this day you must be a stranger to one of your parents. — Your mother will never see you again if you do not marry Mr. Collins, and I will never see you again if you do.” This gives an insight as well as accentuates Mr. Bennet’s character and perception as he is very timid. It also shows how different Mr. and Mrs. Bennet are bringing up surprise on how they ever got married to each other considering the fact that they can’t stand each other. It also justifies Mr. Bennet’s support of his Daughters pursuit of a man of whom she loves rather than one of great affluence as he reflects on the consequences of his unhappy marriage.

Jane Austen uses Irony to please the close reader as there is a lot to be discovered in terms of insights in the behavior of characters such as Mr Bennet who is seldom mentioned as well as humor of which blend makes the read a memorable one. Reading and visualizing the use of irony and its effect on the characters in the book is a feature of high interest as it brings zeal into the read fulfilling a reader’s expectations in a book.

One comes to realise that despite the setting i.e. Madame Bovary having a French setting and Pride and Prejudice having an English setting. Similarly, both books had similar themes and motifs.

Despite all her attempts to achieve happiness by either buying glamorous items or by her adulterous acts, Emma still feels empty inside and becomes disgusted by everything and everyone around her including herself. We come to understand that Emma’s profligacies were not only to satisfy desire for high class but to also obnubilate the prodigious void she had inside. Emma is bombarded by the government’s order to liquidate her property. Everyone in whom she laid her trust deserts her and the only person who is there for her is the one man she dreaded the most, Charles. There is a mixture of emotions at this point which include disappointment in her lovers, her disgust in herself and the realization of the abyss in which she descended herself. This could be compared to the string of emotions Elizabeth encountered after receiving Darcy’s letter clarifying her misinterpretation of him. Just like Emma realizes rodolphe’s deceit, Elizabeth realizes Wichkam’s deceit. She is highly embarrassed by the mere presence of Darcy. Here we see both protagonists landing themselves between the unforgiving canines of deceit as it is because of Elizabeth’s prejudice against Darcy and Emma’s greed that lands them into their periods of distress

“An idle mind is the devil’s workshop”. as denoted by the this proverb, Emma suffers the effect of an idle mind. Due to her idleness, her mind is preoccupied by adulterous thoughts. Due to her religious upbringing, she constantly tries to resist all temptations of engaging in any infidelities. She constantly takes refuge in religion just like her window as a way to sooth her pain and escape the realities of her crumbling life.

However as she seeks solace from the priest or rather is about to, she recalls her sheltered life in the convent where she, as described by Flaubert, was “lost” in the long line of veils. She constantly yearns for anything to submerge herself and takes on reading which does not help either. She however is absorbed by an all embracing and all negating woe of which all desire and pain is eradicated. Emma, Unlike Elizabeth, does not have a sister of whom she can confide in. this causes her bedroom window becomes a symbol in the book as she stares at the window like a prisoner does through iron bars. She feels trapped and takes refuge at the window at which she can engage herself in thought. Her heart is like a bridge overwhelmed by an immense amount of weight, gave way due to the bombshells bombarded on her which was much like  an emotional Hiroshima.

Elizabeth on the other end is far more fortunate than Emma as she is not deserted by anyone and has the comfort of her ever loving sister with whom she shares all her burdens and worries. The realization of her pride, unlike Emma, enables her to change her ways therefore enabling her to listen to other people’s advice therefore preventing a tragic ending.

In Both books, we encounter two ladies who are on the verge of self destruction due to their pride, prejudices and other vices. Perhaps the most intriguing and striking is Madame Bovary due to Flaubert’s ability to meticulously describe emotions that women go through. He, like a builder, arranges the various blocks i.e. literary tools and elements to build a great work of art i.e Madame Bovary. He intricately describes emotions and the environment like an artist with a painting not ignoring the simplest of details. Jane Austen on the other hand is not as loquacious as Flaubert and does quite the opposite as she uses irony to summarize some things in the book. This gives the reader a chance to be adventurous in terms trying to discover some facts in the books thus making the read more interesting. The similarities between the books are endless and their ability to catch one’s eye is immense. It is therefore without a doubt that Madame Bovary and Pride and prejudice are emotional hot cakes.